Encryption Technology

Encryption Technology is the very effective method for data securing used by various organizations.

encryption technology

What is Encryption Technology?

Encryption is the procedure through which information is converted into secret code that hides the real meaning of information. The science of encryption and decryption of information is known as cryptography.

In computing, unencrypted data is known as plaintext, and encrypted data is called ciphertext. The formula which is used in cryptography to encode and decode messages are called encryption algorithms, or ciphers. An effective cipher includes a variable as a component of the algorithm. An encrypted message is intercepted by an unauthorized entity, the intruder guesses which cipher the sender used to encrypt the message, as well as what keys( variable) were used. The time and difficulty of identifying the information  makes encryption such a valuable security tool.

Effect of Encryption Technology on User Roles and Responsibilities

Encryption Technology has a huge impact on user roles and responsibilities. Likewise, encryption plays an important role in securing various types of information technology.


It is used to encode the message content.


It verifies the origin of a message.


It proves the contents of a message have not been changed since it was sent.


It prevents the sender from refusing that they sent the encrypted message.

Mobile Encryption Technology

“Mobile Encryption Technologies” eventually provides a list of various services that will allow the customers to increase potential profits.

Furthermore, their services include everything from mobile solutions to digital media management. Some of the other products include:

  1. E-Commerce Solutions
  2. Data Encryption Services
  3. Cloud and IP Migration
  4. Data Hosting
  5. Digital Media Solutions
  6. Healthcare Solutions
  7. Voice and Data Services
  8. Low Voltage Solutions
  9. Telecommunication Services
  10. Mobile Device Management
  11. Cloud Storage
  12. Mobile Banking Solutions
  13. Mobile Encryption Technologies

Examples of Encryption Technology and its Future

The General Method of Encryption Technology’s  examples are many.

1)Symmetric Encryption Cryptography:

This method uses encryption to transmit the encrypted message to the recipient, and then decrypt the message at the end. 


Alphabets with numbers say, A=01, B=02, and so on. A message like “HELLO” will be encrypted as “0805121215,” and this value will be transmitted over the network to the receiver. Once received, the recipient will decrypt it using the same reverse procedure.

2)Asymmetric Encryption Cryptography:

The second method of Encryption Technology is Asymmetric Encryption Cryptography, which uses two types of keys, one public and one private for encryption and decryption of data subsequently . The public key can be disseminated openly, such as the address of the fund receiver, and the private key is only known by the owner. In this procedure, a person can encrypt a message using the receiver’s public key, and only decrypt finally by the receiver’s private key.

3) Hashing:

A third cryptography method is Hashing. It not only verify the integrity of data of transactions on a network, but also the conformity of data that was copied or downloaded versus  the original typical hash functions that take inputs of variable lengths to return outputs of a fixed length.

Thus, it helps to monitor and prevent unauthorized access, misuse, denial of  network and network accessible resources. Moreover, network security involves the allowance of access to data in a network, which is controlled by the network administrator. Users select or assign an ID with password or other precise information that allows them access to information and programs within their authority. Network security covers a variety of computer networks, both publicly and privately held organisations.

Network Security is thus concerned with people trying to access remote services that they are not authorized to use. Often security problems are intentionally arise by malicious people trying to gain some benefit, get attention, or consequently to harm people.

Despite Security advancements, Network security problems fall into four closely intertwined areas:

  1. Secrecy
  2. Authentication,
  3. Nonrepudiation
  4. Integrity Control.

In conclusion, encryption technology is being utilized for securing data and many other purposes as well.

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Solar cell Technology

solar cell technology
Solar Cell Technology

Solar cell technology is an electrical device that converts the energy of light directly into electricity through the photovoltaic effect. It is a form of photoelectric cell, and a device whose electrical characteristics, such as current, voltage, or resistance, changes when near to light.

Solar cells are photovoltaic, whether the source is sunlight or an artificial light. Hence, they are helpful in photodetector detecting light and measuring light intensity.

It has three basic characteristics:

  1. Absorption of light
  2. Separation of charge carriers of opposite types
  3. Extraction of an external circuit

Future of Solar cell Technology

More people install photovoltaic systems, the solar technology industry is growing rapidly. Due to the government cutting all subsidies for solar panels in March 2019, solar technology continues to be popular due to fall in price. Due to high electricity prices it is a good time to invest in PV technology. Scientists have been working on solar cells for better results. Solar cells that use this material are more efficient than current solar panels.

Generation of solar cell technology

Following are the three generations of solar cell technology:

First Generation Solar Cells

They are made from silicon. They are currently the most efficient solar cells available for residential use and around 80+ percent of all the solar panels sold around the world. Silicon based solar cells are more efficient and long lasting instead of non silicon based cells.

Following are the four types of silicon based cells used for residential purpose:

  1. Monocrystalline Silicon Cells

2. Polycrystalline Silicon Cells

3. Amorphous Silicon Cells

4. Hybrid Silicon Cells

Second Generation Solar Cells

Thin film Solar Cells are the Second generation solar cells. The combination of using less material and lower cost produces and thus sells panels at lower cost.

Following are three types of solar cells

Amorphous silicon

2. Cadmium telluride (CdTe)

3. Copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS)

Third Generation Solar Cells

Third generation solar cells are made from nanotubes, silicon wires, and solar inks. Moreover, Most of the third generation solar cells work is done in the laboratory by new companies.

Effectiveness of solar cell technology

Solar panel efficiency is just a measurement of a solar panel which converts sunlight into electricity. For example, if the sun shines on a high efficiency solar panel, then the sun’s energy will be converted to solar energy.

Solar panel efficiency is although determined by the production of electricity by solar cells only. However, The standard for efficiency is only rising in 2021 due to new technologies and manufacturing capabilities.

Best Solar PAnel Manufacturers:

Following are the top five best solar panel manufacturers:

Company   Efficiency rating Solar cell Technology                    

SunPower     22.8%     Monocrystalline            

LG                  22.0%             Monocrystalline            

REC Solar     21.7%      Monocrystalline           

CSUN             21.2%              Monocrystalline           

Panasonic     21.2%      Monocrystalline and  amorphous silicon cell  

Cost of solar cell technology

Product Name:               Price:

150 Watt Solar Panel            Rs. 7,200

Monocrystalline solar panel    Rs. 20,200

Tesla 300 Watt Solar System  Rs. 14,630

Astronergy 285 Watt Monocrystalline Solar Panel   Rs. 15,700

Different types of solar cell technology

Since, Two most common types are Monocrystalline and Polycrystalline. These counterparts also have some other distinctive variables which give a better overview and attract user choice.

Monocrystalline solar panels

Though, Monocrystalline solar panels are considered as the premium solar product with relatively high efficiency. These panels are created on the basis of the most developed technology used since long.

Following are the main characteristics of monocrystalline solar panels:

  • Construction
  • Aesthetic
  • Performance Efficiency
  • Space Efficiency
  • Longevity

Polycrystalline Solar Panels

Polycrystalline solar panels also known as multi-crystalline solar panels have comparatively newer technology and were first introduced in 1981. Unlike monocrystalline panels, the Czochralski process is not followed for the making of these panels.

However, the work of polycrystalline solar panels suffers in certain climate conditions like snowy weather or low light. Their performance drops when temperature rises high.

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Computer Science Technology

Computer Science and Information Technology is the most important for the development and growth of a person or his business nowadays. Today we will discuss the differences between both studies and their importance.

computer science technology
Computer Science and Information Technology

What is Computer Science and Information Technology?

Tackling Industry for challenged situations with the latest technology and tech-savvy computer specialists. In this digital age, almost all components of our lives depend closely on digital technology. As a result, computing capabilities are highly sought-after and ultimately become imperative because of their excessive demand for  each enterprise. Moreover, To equip more people with computing abilities, computer science courses are offered at every college and online skill-sharing platform worldwide.

  1. Robust syllabus supplemented with compulsory internships with main tech companies.
  2.  Secure technology leadership roles through enterprise partnerships with IBM.
  3. Improve profession potentialities with IBM Digital Badge credentials.
  4. Access to highly qualified and international leaders through our international partners.

Computer and IT (information technology) courses are abundantly found in Malaysia

  1. Learn From Global Industry Leaders
  2. Acquire Present-Day Technical Skills
  3. Internships and Industrial Training
  4. Industry Curriculum Integration


(ii) SAS institute

Computer Science VS Information Technology Which is Better?

Computer Science vs. Information Technology:

Gorton identifies that one of the major differences between these two disciplines is that computer science “is more technically-facing, and information technology is more commercial business-facing.” This way, in general, the scope of work for individuals working in IT is targeted on fulfilling a selected organization’s desires with technical tips and support. In contrast, the scope of work for a computer scientist stays centered at the specific product or programs they are developing, without having to take the application of those programs after they have been deployed.

Computer Science

  • Updating current hardware and software
  • Writing code for new computer programs
  • Deploying systems
  • Presenting developed programs to business
  • Managing a team
  • Publishing industry articles

Information Technology 

  • Working closely with the business
  • Integrating various systems
  • Maintaining the functions
  • Programming
  • Working with vendors
  • Keeping up with relevant rules and laws

Which is Better?

For example, If Student A is skilled at coding, they could easily pick Computer Science as their majors. On the other hand, if student B is better at database-related tasks, they would be more likely to go for Information Technology.

Difference Between Computer Science and Information Technology

Since, the primary difference is that computer science experts use mathematics to expand and improve computer programs. Substantially, IT experts install, put into effect, and keep these programs and follow them to companies. Computer science experts hence use skills in mathematics and theories to make facts technology possible, and IT experts use skills to speak to communicate with business to meet their needs and IT profaners through technology.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Computer Science Courses

The Computer Science is an essential part of the computer and information sciences program at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

That is why, we’ve collected records and different critical statistics about the program, including the common profits of graduates, ethnicity of students, how many students graduated in current times, and more.

MIT online computer science courses you could take for free:

Following are the names of those online courses that are offered online by MIT.

  1. Introduction to Computer Science and Programming Using Python
  2. Machine Learning with Python: from Linear Models to Deep Learning
  3. Computation Structures 1: Digital Circuits
  4. Part 2 Computation Structures : Computer Architecture
  5. Computation Structures 3: Computer Organization
  6. Circuits and Electronics 1: Basic Circuit Analysis
  7. Circuits and Electronics 3: Applications
  8. Principles of Synthetic Biology
  9. Paradox and Infinity
  10. Software Construction in Java
  11. Advanced Software Construction in Java
  12. Discrete-Time Signal Processing
  13. Quantum Information Science I, Part 1-2-3

Computer Science and Information Technology in China

Though China has the largest Internet in the globe stage. As of today, it has more than 500 million Internet users and it is set to rise exponentially. With the Chinese tech industries quickly cementing itself as globe market leaders, thus, it will welcome the next age of globe communique and by large, the Internet of Things.

Why study in China

However, Studying in Chine is beneficial for many reasons. some of them are;

  • Affordable Tuition Fees
  • Global Exposure
  • Career Prospects
  • International, Multicultural Environments

In conclusion, it was a brief about computer science and information technology.

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Top mobile brands in Pakistan

Although Mobile is a necessary gadget to have these days, to stay connected to the world. besides It performs several tasks like making calls, internet browsing, taking pictures, recording videos, setting alarms, playing games, and even phones now have installed GPS systems to help in finding the location. Innovations in mobile phones made them smarter, faster, and more efficient than ever we are here to provide you a complete list of mobile brands in Pakistan

1 Apple (iPhone):

In fact, Apple is the world’s most selling and trusted brand among phones, Apple launches the latest model of iPhone every year adding new features and introducing life-changing applications on the phone. iPhone 11 and iPhone 11 Pro, the iPhone 11 are the latest launched which has outstanding features:

  • finally The most advanced cameras,
  • likewise larger built-in storage, lightning speed
  • The battery timing is better than ever

2 Samsung:

When it comes to technology and innovation, Samsung makes no compromises, and their products always stand out from every angle, Every year Samsung has a different series of phones that they launch:

  • Samsung S series
  • A series Samsung
  • Samsung J series
  • Samsung note

It’s all series of mobile phones they launch are differ in specifications, look, memory and speed and their prices are changing accordingly, but every phone they launch is efficient, reliable and according to the needs, The quality of their cameras and the battery life of their phones are outstanding.
Samsung launches phones in all price ranges so they can target a larger number of customers according to their budget and needs, Samsung phones are easily available all over Pakistan.

3 Huawei:

similarly, Huawei is a Chinese brand that brings something new to smartphones.
As a result, Mobile phones are their specialty and they have a wide number of customers around the world, The specifications and the quality of their mobile phones are sufficient enough to give tough competition to all of the other brands.
similarly, The latest features are:

  • They have launched 5G enabled mobile phones
  • likewise The camera of their mobile phones captures pictures and records videos with the utmost precision and perfection
  • Its battery life is also very impressive
  • It has large capacity to store a large amount of data

4 Oppo:

Oppo is a Chinese brand, due to its selfie camera it has gained popularity in Pakistan. Oppo mobiles phones have amazing quality and it is a revolutionary technology.
New launches of 0ppo
Oppo F3 and oppo Reno are the latest launches of the brand and these smartphones gained a lot of attention in Pakistan because of their high-performance selfie cameras and other features.
It attracts youngsters mostly through its products and marketing. The price ranges of oppo smartphones vary from model to model but are usually very affordable

5 Vivo mobiles:

Recently Vivo mobile phones have become very popular in Pakistan, they launch impressive, smarter and faster smartphones every year.
Vivo’s latest smartphones are:

  • vivo v17 pro
  • Y12 vivo
  • vivo S1

Vivo phones now come with:

Pre-installed graphics cards
Super speed gaming processor perfect for playing games in HD quality
Super-fast speed.
Vivo mobile phones have all price ranges and are available all over Pakistan.

6 Qmobile:

Qmobile is the largest selling mobile phone brand in Pakistan, it sells up to one million mobile phones in a month.
The quality and reliability of their mobile phones attract customers a lot.
This not only manufactures smartphones but also launches keypad phones for people with limited requirements.

The latest releases by Qmobile include:

  • Qmobile Q Smart hot pro 2
  • Noir E8 Qmobile
  • Qmobile L105 lite.

7 Lenovo:

Lenovo is a famous brand when it comes to technology and revolution.
Lenovo products are very much trusted and have a great demand in Pakistan, its prices are affordable.

8 Nokia:

It is the oldest mobile phone brand in Pakistan. It was the largest selling mobile phone brand in Pakistan for a very long time, but they were left behind when smartphones were launched. Nokia is the most affordable mobile phone brand in Pakistan and it is well known for its durability and efficiency.
Nokia’s latest smartphones include

  • Nokia 7.2
  • Nokia 6 plus
  • 3.2 Nokia
  • Nokia 110


HTC is a Taiwanese-based electronics company that is known worldwide for the amazing quality of their products, their smartphones are very popular. It has launched several mind-blowing smartphones recently which include

Attracts the consumers about their smartphones, latest technology, super-fast speed, and high-quality results, HTC smartphones are available in Pakistan at quite reasonable price ranges

  • HTC U12+
  • HTC U11
  • U Bolt HTC
  • HTC U

10 Sony mobiles:

Sony is one of the world’s top brands in smartphones and technologies.
Sony smartphones have:

  • Sleek and slim bodies
  • Elegant designs,
  • Super smooth touch
  • lightning speed.

Sony’s latest smartphones include:

Which company is best for mobile ?

Following are the top 10 best mobile companies around the globe

  1. Samsung
  2. Apple
  3. Huawei
  4. Oppo
  5. Vivo
  6. Xiaomi
  7. LG
  8. Lenovo
  9. ZTE
  10. Alcatel lucent

Manufacturing mobile brands in Pakistan

The Engineering Device Board, a division of the Ministry of Industry and Production, approved the mobile device manufacturing policy last year, which gave permission to mobile phone manufacturing mobile brands in Pakistan

Following are the Pakistan mobile manufacturing companies:

  • Nokia
  • Oppo
  • Infinix
  • Swift Biz Solutions
  • Techno
  • ITel
  • WAV
  • Alpha
  • RealMe
  • Vgo Tel
  • D-Code
  • CallMe
  • Excel
  • Spice
  • TCL
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