Encryption Technology

Encryption Technology is the very effective method for data securing used by various organizations.

encryption technology

What is Encryption Technology?

Encryption is the procedure through which information is converted into secret code that hides the real meaning of information. The science of encryption and decryption of information is known as cryptography.

In computing, unencrypted data is known as plaintext, and encrypted data is called ciphertext. The formula which is used in cryptography to encode and decode messages are called encryption algorithms, or ciphers. An effective cipher includes a variable as a component of the algorithm. An encrypted message is intercepted by an unauthorized entity, the intruder guesses which cipher the sender used to encrypt the message, as well as what keys( variable) were used. The time and difficulty of identifying the information  makes encryption such a valuable security tool.

Effect of Encryption Technology on User Roles and Responsibilities

Encryption Technology has a huge impact on user roles and responsibilities. Likewise, encryption plays an important role in securing various types of information technology.


It is used to encode the message content.


It verifies the origin of a message.


It proves the contents of a message have not been changed since it was sent.


It prevents the sender from refusing that they sent the encrypted message.

Mobile Encryption Technology

“Mobile Encryption Technologies” eventually provides a list of various services that will allow the customers to increase potential profits.

Furthermore, their services include everything from mobile solutions to digital media management. Some of the other products include:

  1. E-Commerce Solutions
  2. Data Encryption Services
  3. Cloud and IP Migration
  4. Data Hosting
  5. Digital Media Solutions
  6. Healthcare Solutions
  7. Voice and Data Services
  8. Low Voltage Solutions
  9. Telecommunication Services
  10. Mobile Device Management
  11. Cloud Storage
  12. Mobile Banking Solutions
  13. Mobile Encryption Technologies

Examples of Encryption Technology and its Future

The General Method of Encryption Technology’s  examples are many.

1)Symmetric Encryption Cryptography:

This method uses encryption to transmit the encrypted message to the recipient, and then decrypt the message at the end. 


Alphabets with numbers say, A=01, B=02, and so on. A message like “HELLO” will be encrypted as “0805121215,” and this value will be transmitted over the network to the receiver. Once received, the recipient will decrypt it using the same reverse procedure.

2)Asymmetric Encryption Cryptography:

The second method of Encryption Technology is Asymmetric Encryption Cryptography, which uses two types of keys, one public and one private for encryption and decryption of data subsequently . The public key can be disseminated openly, such as the address of the fund receiver, and the private key is only known by the owner. In this procedure, a person can encrypt a message using the receiver’s public key, and only decrypt finally by the receiver’s private key.

3) Hashing:

A third cryptography method is Hashing. It not only verify the integrity of data of transactions on a network, but also the conformity of data that was copied or downloaded versus  the original typical hash functions that take inputs of variable lengths to return outputs of a fixed length.

Thus, it helps to monitor and prevent unauthorized access, misuse, denial of  network and network accessible resources. Moreover, network security involves the allowance of access to data in a network, which is controlled by the network administrator. Users select or assign an ID with password or other precise information that allows them access to information and programs within their authority. Network security covers a variety of computer networks, both publicly and privately held organisations.

Network Security is thus concerned with people trying to access remote services that they are not authorized to use. Often security problems are intentionally arise by malicious people trying to gain some benefit, get attention, or consequently to harm people.

Despite Security advancements, Network security problems fall into four closely intertwined areas:

  1. Secrecy
  2. Authentication,
  3. Nonrepudiation
  4. Integrity Control.

In conclusion, encryption technology is being utilized for securing data and many other purposes as well.

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Cardiovascular Fitness and its Importance

cardiovascular fitness
health benefits

Cardiovascular fitness is a health-related part of physical fitness that is brought about by sustained physical activity.

What Is Cardiovasculars Fitness?

Cardiovascular fitness is known as aerobic exercise. There are two elements that distinguish cardiovascular fitness from different types of exercise.

  • Cardiovascular fitness complements the ability of the heart and lungs and thus productive in supplying oxygen-rich blood to the working muscle
  • Cardiovascular fitness complements the muscle’s ability to apply this oxygen to deliver good adequate energy for movement.

Health Benefits of Running for Cardiovascular Fitness

Running is an excellent way of conditioning the cardiovascular system. It is a particular cardio interest that makes use of both fatty acids and carbohydrates for energy. The usual runner tends to have a slow resting pulse rate and high maximal oxygen consumption.

Here are a few methods running on a regular basis can significantly improve your heart health:

Five Health benefits of running

  1. lowers your blood pressure and cholesterol level
  2. help you maintain a healthy weight
  3. strengthens your heart muscle
  4. minimizes your heart’s workload
  5. Running reduces your risk for heart disease

Why Cardiovascular Fitness is Important

Its primary importance will become evident when you study its definition. Any form of activity that will supply oxygen to the muscle will increase energy levels as well as make your body more useful and efficient. This is simply one of their many benefits.

Activities and Exercises that Improve Cardiovascular Fitness

Aerobic exercising can enhance cardiovascular fitness. The cardio exercise benefits any kind of rhythmic, continuous activity that entails the simultaneous use of more than one large muscle group. Aerobic activities challenge the heart and lungs, thereby inflicting them to work more difficult than at rest. When performing activities, your pulse must be in a goal heart range, that is normally calculated through subtracting your age from the number 220 after which calculating 60 to 85 percent of that quantity.

Examples of aerobic exercises include:

  • Running or jogging
  • Brisk walking
  • Cycling
  • Swimming
  • Aerobic dance
  • Cross-us of a skiing
  • Snowshoeing

Cardiovascular Fitness Goals

The most common goals of performing cardiorespiratory training are the following.

To improve performance

Since, a primary purpose of training is to put off the onset of fatigue at some stage in competition; regardless of if it’s a pick-up game of basketball, 10k race, or finishing a marathon.

To reduce mental anxiety

With fatigue, lack of attention and confidence suffer the essential additives to performance.

Weight management

Proper aerobic exercise can assist with the goal of weight loss and weight maintenance.

Youth Risk Factors that Affect Cardiovascular Fitness in Adulthood

Though, Context Low cardiorespiratory fitness is an established risk issue for cardiac and general mortality; however, mechanisms responsible for these institutions are uncertain.

Heart health issues are not only simply worries for unhealthy or older adults. Poor cardiovascular health also is becoming increasingly common in children due to the superiority of obesity and weight problems. However, weight problems are far from the most effective risk related to children’s future cardiovascular health.

  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Physical inactivity
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypertension

In conclusion, health fitness is necessary to keep oneself growing and pacing life’s phenomenon.

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Solar cell Technology

solar cell technology
Solar Cell Technology

Solar cell technology is an electrical device that converts the energy of light directly into electricity through the photovoltaic effect. It is a form of photoelectric cell, and a device whose electrical characteristics, such as current, voltage, or resistance, changes when near to light.

Solar cells are photovoltaic, whether the source is sunlight or an artificial light. Hence, they are helpful in photodetector detecting light and measuring light intensity.

It has three basic characteristics:

  1. Absorption of light
  2. Separation of charge carriers of opposite types
  3. Extraction of an external circuit

Future of Solar cell Technology

More people install photovoltaic systems, the solar technology industry is growing rapidly. Due to the government cutting all subsidies for solar panels in March 2019, solar technology continues to be popular due to fall in price. Due to high electricity prices it is a good time to invest in PV technology. Scientists have been working on solar cells for better results. Solar cells that use this material are more efficient than current solar panels.

Generation of solar cell technology

Following are the three generations of solar cell technology:

First Generation Solar Cells

They are made from silicon. They are currently the most efficient solar cells available for residential use and around 80+ percent of all the solar panels sold around the world. Silicon based solar cells are more efficient and long lasting instead of non silicon based cells.

Following are the four types of silicon based cells used for residential purpose:

  1. Monocrystalline Silicon Cells

2. Polycrystalline Silicon Cells

3. Amorphous Silicon Cells

4. Hybrid Silicon Cells

Second Generation Solar Cells

Thin film Solar Cells are the Second generation solar cells. The combination of using less material and lower cost produces and thus sells panels at lower cost.

Following are three types of solar cells

Amorphous silicon

2. Cadmium telluride (CdTe)

3. Copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS)

Third Generation Solar Cells

Third generation solar cells are made from nanotubes, silicon wires, and solar inks. Moreover, Most of the third generation solar cells work is done in the laboratory by new companies.

Effectiveness of solar cell technology

Solar panel efficiency is just a measurement of a solar panel which converts sunlight into electricity. For example, if the sun shines on a high efficiency solar panel, then the sun’s energy will be converted to solar energy.

Solar panel efficiency is although determined by the production of electricity by solar cells only. However, The standard for efficiency is only rising in 2021 due to new technologies and manufacturing capabilities.

Best Solar PAnel Manufacturers:

Following are the top five best solar panel manufacturers:

Company   Efficiency rating Solar cell Technology                    

SunPower     22.8%     Monocrystalline            

LG                  22.0%             Monocrystalline            

REC Solar     21.7%      Monocrystalline           

CSUN             21.2%              Monocrystalline           

Panasonic     21.2%      Monocrystalline and  amorphous silicon cell  

Cost of solar cell technology

Product Name:               Price:

150 Watt Solar Panel            Rs. 7,200

Monocrystalline solar panel    Rs. 20,200

Tesla 300 Watt Solar System  Rs. 14,630

Astronergy 285 Watt Monocrystalline Solar Panel   Rs. 15,700

Different types of solar cell technology

Since, Two most common types are Monocrystalline and Polycrystalline. These counterparts also have some other distinctive variables which give a better overview and attract user choice.

Monocrystalline solar panels

Though, Monocrystalline solar panels are considered as the premium solar product with relatively high efficiency. These panels are created on the basis of the most developed technology used since long.

Following are the main characteristics of monocrystalline solar panels:

  • Construction
  • Aesthetic
  • Performance Efficiency
  • Space Efficiency
  • Longevity

Polycrystalline Solar Panels

Polycrystalline solar panels also known as multi-crystalline solar panels have comparatively newer technology and were first introduced in 1981. Unlike monocrystalline panels, the Czochralski process is not followed for the making of these panels.

However, the work of polycrystalline solar panels suffers in certain climate conditions like snowy weather or low light. Their performance drops when temperature rises high.

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Sports Bikes in Pakistan

sports bikes in Pakistan
Sports Bikes in Pakistan MindGigspk

Best Sports Bikes in Pakistan

In the last decade, the bike market has reached a higher level in Pakistan, and you are enabled with multiple options to choose from. A list of some common bikes which you can buy rather easily if you have the money too. There is a list of top 7 “Sports Bikes” in Pakistan.

  • Suzuki Intruder
  • Suzuki Inazuma
  • Honda BR-150/CBR-500R
  • Suzuki GSX-R600
  • Yamaha YZF-R6/YZF-R1
  • Suzuki Hayabusa
  • 7Harley Davidson V-Rod/1200/883

Sports Bikes Prices in Pakistan

If you are really in need of a bike that is going to suit all your style, driving, and enjoyment, then you should get the heavy sports bike right now. Likewise other countries, Pakistan also has bike enthusiasts and for them, there are the Top heavy Bikes in Pakistan 2021.

Suzuki Intruder M800:

The Price of Suzuki Intruder in Pakistan is 16,00,000PKR, the bike is a Japanese miracle.

Honda CBR500:

Honda CBR500 Price in Pakistan 2021 by Honda is priced 1,250,000.

Yamaha FZ 250:

Yamaha FZ-250 new Model price in Pakistan is 150,000 PKR.

Triumph Daytona 675:

Triumph Daytona 675 price in Pakistan is 7,00,000 PKR.

New Sports Bikes in Pakistan

When it comes to new Sport Bikes, there are so many names. These Bikes are the types of motorcycle developed for their flashy colors, amazing speed, best revving engines, full bodywork, good braking, at low cost and fuel economy by comparison with other motorcycles.

  • Kawasaki Ninja 400
  • Yamaha YZF-R6
  • Yamaha YZF-R3
  • Suzuki GSX-R750
  • Suzuki Hayabusa
  • Honda CBR1000RR
  • Suzuki GSX-R600
  • Honda CBR300R
  • Kawasaki Ninja ZX-6R
  • Kawasaki z400

How to Buy Used Bikes in Pakistan

Gari .Com in Pakistan provides the facility of buying and selling used Bikes. You can buy the following used bikes at a moderate amount. Yamaha YBR 125GPrice: 160,000 PKR

Suzuki GS 150 SE 2021

Price: 215,000 PKR

Honda CD 70

Price: 58,000 PKR.

Honda Pridor 2021

Price: 110,000 PKR

Honda CD 70 2021

Price: 6,500 PKR

Which Sports Bike is Best

The young generation like heavy “Sports Bikes”. There are so many companies providing heavy sports bikes with different specifications, and prices are totally changing because some companies offer outstanding features and fuel average while other some companies do not offer extra features but provide a tremendous look.

  • Suzuki GSX-S1000F
  • Ducati SuperSport
  • Kawasaki Z1000SX
  • BMW R 1250 RS
  • Kawasaki H2 SX
  • Yamaha FJR1300
  • KTM 1290 Super Duke GT
  • Honda VFR800R
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